Winter Olympics - Ski JumpingCourtesy of The United States Olympic Committee
Legendary Norwegian nordic athlete Sondre Nordheim is credited with the first officially measured ski jump in 1860. The first ski jumping contest was held in Trysil, Norway, in 1862. Throughout the mid-1800s, ski jumping was part of ski carnivals in Norway, but the sport gained added prestige when, in 1892, the Norwegian royal family decided to donate the "King's Cup" trophy to the winner of the annual meet held in Holmenkollen.
The sport was brought to the United States by Norwegian emigrants, and the first ski jumping meet in the U.S took place Feb. 8, 1887. It was won by Norwegian emigrant Mikkel Hemmestvedt.
Ski jumping has been contested at every Olympic Winter Games. The individual large-hill competition was contested at the first Winter Games in Chamonix and has been contested at every Games since. The individual normal-hill competition was added at the 1964 Innsbruck Games. The team large-hill competition was added at the 1988 Calgary Games.
Norway has won the most Olympic medals in ski jumping with 24. Finland has won the most gold medals with 10.
Individual normal hill
The only ski jumping event from the normal hill, which is 90 meters (about 295 feet) high. Each athlete takes two jumps, and the one with the greatest total score is declared the winner.
Individual large hill
This event is contested on the large hill, which measures 120 meters (394 feet). Each athlete takes two jumps, and the one with the greatest total score is declared the winner.
Team large hill
This event is contested on the large hill, which measures 120 meters (394 feet). There are four members on each team, and each athlete takes two jumps. The team with the highest total score over the eight jumps is declared the winner.